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Poland Country Map - Summary
You can download the Poland country map from the link given below. Poland is a country in Central Europe with a rich history and culture. It has an area of 313,931 km² and a population of 38 million.
It is divided into 16 administrative provinces known as voivodes. Its capital is Warsaw, and other important cities include Kraków and Gdańsk.
Polish culture is an important part of Western civilization, with significant contributions to art, music, philosophy, mathematics, science, politics, and literature.
Situated at the confluence of various European regions, it is influenced by its geography and its complex history. Christianity is the dominant religion in Poland, with the majority of Poles being Roman Catholic.
A Brief History of Poland
Poland’s history dates back over a thousand years to medieval tribes, Christianization, and monarchy; the golden age of Poland through expansionism and becoming one of the greatest European powers; Its fall and partition, two world wars, until the restoration of communism and democracy.
Poland was founded as a kingdom under the Piast Dynasty, which ruled the country between the 10th and 14th centuries. The first ruler was Duke Mieszko I, who united the Polish tribes and converted to Christianity in 966. His son, Bolesław I the Brave, became the first king of Poland and expanded its borders.
Poland reached its peak of power and influence under the Jagiellonian dynasty, which ruled from 1385 to 1572. The union with Lithuania created the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, a multi-ethnic and multi-religious state that was one of the largest and most tolerant of the Commonwealth State Europe. The Commonwealth was ruled by an elected monarch and a parliament called the Sejm.
Internal strife, wars with neighboring countries, and foreign interference led to the collapse of the Commonwealth. In the late 18th century, Poland was partitioned by Russia, Prussia, and Austria and ceased to exist as an independent state.
Poles struggled for their national identity and independence in the 19th century, notably during the November Uprising (1830–31) and the January Uprising (1863–64).
After World War I, Poland regained its sovereignty but faced a number of challenges from its hostile neighbors, particularly Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union. During World War II, Poland was invaded by both powers and suffered huge losses in population, territory, and culture.
About 90% of Poland’s Jewish population perished in the pogrom, one of the largest pogroms in Europe. The Warsaw Uprising (1944) was a valiant but disastrous attempt to liberate the capital from Nazi occupation.
Following World War II, Poland became a satellite state of the Soviet Union under communist rule. Poles resented Soviet domination and demanded greater freedom and democracy.
The Solidarity movement, led by Lech Walesa, was a peaceful but powerful force that challenged the Communist regime in the 1980s. In 1989, Poland became the first country in Eastern Europe to overthrow communism and hold free elections.
Since then, Poland has been a stable democracy and a member of NATO and the EU. It has also developed a market economy and improved its living standards. Poland is still facing some challenges, such as social inequality, environmental issues, and political polarization.
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