Khalistan Map - File Information
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Khalistan Map - Summary
Download the Khalistan Map using the link given below and know about the Khalistan Movement in detail. Rooted in aspirations of Sikh separatism, the Khalistan movement seeks to establish an autonomous state for Sikhs within the Punjab region.
Called Khalistan, which signifies the ‘Pure Land‘ or the ‘Land of the Khalsa‘, the movement draws inspiration from religious, historical, and political sentiments among some Sikhs who feel marginalized and discriminated against by the Indian state.
Origin of Khalistan Movement Revealed
The origins of the Khalistan movement can be traced to the tumultuous Partition of India in 1947, a period marked by displacement and communal violence that led to displacement and loss of life for Sikhs.
Amidst this background, some Sikhs became disillusioned with the Indian National Congress, which had promised increased autonomy and rights in exchange for their support during the independence struggle.
You can check https://idsa.in/issuebrief/Khalistan-Movement-averma-260723 and Punjab.
Momentum and Demands Rise of the Khalistan Movement
The 1970s and 1980s saw the rise of the Khalistan movement, as Sikh leaders and organizations sought political and economic concessions from the central government.
Key demands included greater control over water resources, official recognition of Punjabi as the state language, and implementation of the Anandpur Sahib Resolution, an outline of a federal structure for India, which included increased state powers.
Violence and unrest a radical change in the Khalistan movement
The Khalistan movement took a radical turn, adopting violence and militancy. Armed conflict, terrorist acts, and assassinations have become tools used by some extremist groups to achieve their objectives.
Notably, Sant Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale, a prominent figure, led a radical faction that captured the holiest site of Sikhism – the Golden Temple in Amritsar. This act led to Operation Blue Star in 1984, which resulted in a tragic siege in which civilians and security forces including Bhindranwale lost their lives.
Response and Consequences of Operation Blue Star
Operation Blue Star aroused deep resentment among the Sikhs who considered it a violation of their religious sanctity. In retaliation, the Sikh bodyguards assassinated the director of operations, Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. The incident sparked massive anti-Sikh riots, especially in Delhi, where a mob massacred thousands of Sikhs.
Ups and Downs Path of the Khalistan Movement
The Khalistan movement reached its peak in the late 1980s and early 1990s. Terrorist groups have conducted attacks targeting government officials, security forces, politicians, journalists, and civilians.
The movement was supported by expatriate groups in Canada, the United Kingdom, the United States, and Pakistan. The movement gradually declined due to factors such as increasing violence, human rights violations, government repression, the rise of democratic alternatives, and loss of popular support due to liberal leadership, economic growth, and social integration.
Contemporary Perspectives Residual Voices and Government Response
At present, the Khalistan movement is largely inactive and marginalized in India and its remnants are advocating for it. Designated as a terrorist threat by the Indian government, several affiliated groups have been banned.
Opposition to the movement is evident among Sikhs who prefer peaceful coexistence within India while promoting unity among diversity.
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